A man who's been living alone in the woods for 22 years. See how he spends his day

A few days ago, several photographs emerged showing the home of another well-known surviving Amazonian tribe, who lived alone in the woods for 22 years.

Known as the "man in the pit", the man has survived in brazil's remote state of Rondonia since the rest of his tribe was killed by livestock farmers who took over the land two decades ago, according to a report in The Daily Mail.

The man spends most of his time hunting pigs, birds and monkeys in the forest, using bows and arrows and lives in a hut surrounded by papaya and corn plantations.


Photographs of his home showed wooden spears and a wooden stick that might be used for hunting, and another taken to a nearby place where a hole appeared, for which he was nicknamed "The Man in the Hole".

According to local officials, he makes these pits for hunting animals, or hiding inside them while hunting in the Amazon forest.

Earlier this month, a video filmed by Brazilian government officials were posted showing the man, in his 50s, using a hand-made ax to cut down a tree near his hut.

It is believed that 113 isolated tribes are living in the Amazon forests, 27 of which experts have been able to monitor as they try to track their movements.
Experts from the Brazilian Agency for Indigenous Tribal Affairs (FUNAI) believe the man belonged to a tribe of six, five of whom were killed by farmers in the 1990s.

Survivors from other indigenous tribes in Rondonia State described how invading farmers fired on their backs during the seizure of their land at that time. The agency publicly blamed the owners of livestock farms for the death of the "man in the pit" family.



How did this man survive?
According to the British newspaper, he is believed to have survived when farmers and land grabbers attacked, killed and driven from the forests during the 1970s and 1980s.

"In the 1980s, the illegal colonization, the establishment of farms and illegal logging (in the Rondonia region) led to repeated attacks on isolated indigenous tribes, which had lived there until then, in ongoing operations involving their expulsion from their lands. And kill them."

"After the last farmer attack in late 1995, members of the group reportedly made up a small number of people, were killed, and local officials believed that they were six people, and they became only one. The sinners were never punished."

The agency has a strict policy of leaving isolated groups in the area alone, so they have monitored the man's activity from a distance since he was first seen in 1996.

They don't know his name or even the name of his tribe, but they expanded his forest house to 8,070 hectares (80.7 square kilometers) so he could preserve his lifestyle.

An indigenous sanctuary known as Tanara was established in the 1990s as part of efforts to protect its land.

Agency staff left him with some conventional weapons, such as axes and machetes, to find them without allowing themselves to be able to see them.


The man's surveillance is still going on.
Experts regularly monitor whether he is still alive, and often find him making holes in the ground, for which he was given his nickname, to hunt or hide animals.

The man spends his time cutting down trees, hunting animals, getting food, and walking around half-naked covered with a piece of cloth only at the waist.
"This unknown man to us, who has lost everything like his people and a series of cultural practices in his life, has proved that even if he is alone in the middle of the bush, it is possible to survive while avoiding engaging with society," said Tayer Al-Jaer, a local coordinator for the agency.

Fiona Watson, who works for the research group Survival International, told The Guardian that the man's video was "exceptional", given his land surrounded by livestock farms on all sideways.

According to Survival International, there could be about 300 isolated Indians living in the Masako area of Rondonia, according to the British newspaper.

Why don't these tribes communicate with the community?
According to the American Journal, many tribes are believed to have chosen to avoid communicating with the community, based on previous confrontations that resulted in the destruction of their homes in the forests.

Experts say tribes are known to shoot arrows at intruders or aircraft, or simply retreat to deeper areas of the rainforest.

However, the group says, other isolated groups are at risk of extinction, with few individuals counting on the fingers.

They are under increasing threat from infrastructure and road construction projects, and are increasingly abandoning their land to avoid the noise and pollution associated with these projects.

Because of avoiding contact with the outside world, these tribes are vulnerable to diseases such as influenza or even colds.

 

Where do these tribes live?
Small communities live mainly in Rondonia, where the states of Mato Grosso and Maranhão "survived brutal land grabs when they were targeted and their tribal populations were killed by woodcutters, livestock farmers and others," according to the organization, which works to protect the rights of tribal peoples.

"Isolated people in Brazil must be protected and their land rights recognized before they disappear forever and the forests on which they depend," said Survival International.

The Amazon is 2.1 million square miles, with huge areas believed to have yet to be discovered.

In 2016, a helicopter flying over the Amazon forest took photographs that revealed members of one of the last isolated tribes in the world.

When the helicopter first appeared at a low level, they panicked and fled their hay-roof shelters to hide under the foliage.

The men then had courage and fired a barrage of primitive arrows at the annoying intruders.
Indians are found in isolated groups in the depths of the forest, near the Peruvian border.

Photographer Ricardo Stuckert told The National Geographic magazine: "Thinking that we are in the 21st century and there are still people who have no connection to civilization, living as their ancestors lived 20,000 years ago, what a powerful feeling."

In 2008, a stunning set of photographs emerged showing tribesmen throwing spears, shooting bows and arrows at a plane flying over their heads.

Their skin was painted with light red paint, their heads were partially shaved, they pulled arrows from the long arches, and they fired them towards the plane.


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